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A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE SOMALI CONFLICT(18.12.2016)

A Brief History of the Somali Conflict

As many African Countries have a variety of clans and tribes, Somalia also has, but features of Somalis from the other African nations, they are speaking the same language, members of one religion and the same culture, on top of that, Somalis are feeling the same destiny. The objective of this paper is given a historical brief of conflict of Somali.Somalia before the independence was two Regions north was under the British colonial while the South was under the Italian colony after that north get the independence on 26june 1960 while the south gets on 1 st July 1960 then they united to make the Somali Republic at that time the Government was   civilian but on 21O...


SYRIAN CIVIL WAR (2011-2015): LOCAL AGREEMENTS BETWEEN FIGHTING PARTIES AND REFLECTIONS OF NATIONAL PEACE(5.10.2016)

Syrian Civil War (2011-2015): Local Agreements Between Fighting Parties and Reflections of National Peace

According to various sources, Syria has become a deadlock country of pain and tears, where at least 500.000 people have lost their lives, tens of thousands of people have been injured, and 6.5 billion of its people have become refugees with reference to the UN data. In 2011, when Arab Spring spread in waves from North Africa to the Middle East, Syria experienced counter-demonstrations and movements, especially against the state of emergency that the government declared in Daara between the 18th and 25th of March, which was met with the violent response of regime soldiers. Mass arrests, torturing, serious human rights violations and death have pulled th...


IS THE CRISIS OF NATIONAL INTEGRATION THE MAIN REASON OF INTERNAL CONFLICT IN SOUTH SUDAN?(22.02.2016)

Is the crisis of national integration the main reason of internal conflict in South Sudan?

The man is a social creature, and cannot even think of having a nonpartisan continuation. Aristotle said centuries ago was the same: "the man lives in a family, village, and cities. Not as an isolated being." in this paper we will examine the social life of the Africans and the main reason of the internal conflicts in the East African country’s South Sudan in our opinion it is the weak national integration in these countries. Before the decolonization, particularly in East African countries, the societies were wanderers communities and didn't able to brought them in the organization. But the colonists achieved to united these societies in one state and formed the...


THE CIVIL WAR OF SOUTH SUDAN ( 1955-2013 )(22.01.2016)

The Civil War Of South Sudan ( 1955-2013 )

After Sudan gained its sovereignty from the Great Britain in 1956, it faced longest civil wars in Africa. It is involving in ethnical, religious conflicts between the ruling political factions in Khartoum and the Southern rebel groups. According to the former rebel commander, Joseph Lago, The first armed insurgency, actually started in 20. September 1963. After thirty years of civil war, the war ceased by the 1972 Addis Ababa agreement, which gave significant regional autonomy to southern Sudan on internal issues. The second civil war exploded in 1983 due longstanding issues heightened by then president Jaafar Nimeiri’s decision to introduce Sharia law. Fighting b...


WHAT’S GOING TO HAPPEN TO THE ISLAMIC WORLD? (ON THE NECESSITY OF A MENTAL TRANSFORMATION IN THE MUSLIM WORLD)(6.09.2015)

What’s Going to Happen to the Islamic World? (On the Necessity of a Mental Transformation in the Muslim World)

As Turks, or the people living in Turkey, we love the “country-saving conversation” [in Turkish: “memleket kurtarma muhabbeti”]. At home, schools, cafes, or in other places, whenever a group of friends come together, sooner or later the conversation revolves around the issue of “what’s going to happen to this poor country?” Just right there, we tumble governments, set up new ones, and discuss how, if we are given authority, we would solve the serious problems of our country right away. If there happens to be someone among us with a little more education, s/he reminds that saving a country is not a simple issue, and thus, lowers the ...


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