The concept of peacekeeping is found nowhere in the United Nations Charter. There is no specific chapter about the peacekeeping operations in the Charter. Handbook on United Nations Multidimensional Peacekeeping Operations defined the peacekeeping, “UN peacekeeping is based on the principle that an impartial presence on the ground can ease tensions between hostile parties and create space for political negotiations”.
Accordingly, we can here say that, peacekeeping can help the hostilities to stop war or conflict and ensure permanent peace in these areas. Rikhye in his study of Peacekeeping and Peacemaking argued that, “It was used first when the United Nations General Assembly, under a Uniting for Peace resolution, established the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF) consisting of military units and aircraft to take over the Suez Canal area which had been earlier occupied by Anglo-French forces.”