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BAKU-TBILISI-KARS RAILWAY LINKS ASIA AND EUROPE(20.11.2017)

Baku-Tbilisi-Kars Railway links Asia and Europe

The Baku-Tbilisi-Kars (BTK) Railway was opened Oct. 30 in a ceremony in Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan. The presidents of Azerbaijan and Turkey and the prime ministers of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Georgia, as well as delegates from Turkmenistan and Tajikistan, attended the ceremony. This inauguration was described as a historical event because of the importance of the project’s mission ? the BTK Railway is called the “Iron Silk Road” in the region. The BTK Railway was planned during the ending process of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline and the construction began in 2007. The 846 kilometers of the railway connects Azerbaijani, Georgian and Turkish ra...


IS THE TURKISH DEFENCE INDUSTRY READY FOR SHANGHAI?(29.12.2016)

Is the Turkish Defence Industry Ready for Shanghai?

Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) is a rising star in the East. While its development has similarities with the European Union, it also has its own exclusive peculiarities. Both the People's Republic of China and Russia have experienced ideological issues and faced with border violations after World War II. After the end of Cold War however, both countries have realised that the barren rivalry between the two hurt both of them the same. With the structuring they made in 1996, the People's Republic of China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan has announced themselves to the world as the Shanghai Five. The Shanghai Five emerged as a reaction to ...


TURKEY-RUSSIA RELATIONSHIP: FROM CRISIS TO STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP(8.10.2016)

Turkey-Russia Relationship: From Crisis to Strategic Partnership

On 24 November 2015 Russian aircraft violated the border of Turkey at least 2 km. After that, Turkey and Russia relationship had a crisis because Turkish Air Force jet shot down the Russian aircraft. Also during the violations of the Turkish border, Turkish officials gave multiple warnings to the pilot. Although Russian officials denied the violations of the Turkish border, it was proved with strong evidence. It should not forget that after the case of Russian aircraft, the measures taken by the Russian authorities, the crisis deepened. And this despite the fact that Turkey has not done anything illegal: the state violated airspace and was shot down by an intruder. Everyt...


SHIFT OF TURKISH FOREIGN POLICY(26.09.2016)

Shift of Turkish Foreign Policy

The crisis period between Turkey and Russia finally ended. The two sides prepared a long-term normalization process to fulfill a regional partnership and to heal the economic wounds which appeared during the crisis period. A Russian Su-24 all-weather aircraft violated the border of Turkey by at least 2 km and was shot down by two Turkish F-16s on the Turkey-Syria border in November 2015.After several harsh speeches, Russian officials decided to implement sanctions in some specific areas. Several months later, the meeting of Turkish President Erdogan and Russian President Vladimir Putin on Aug. 9 can be accepted as a turning point for regional politics.After Turkey's successful "A...


SHOULD THE WEST FEAR A TURKEY-RUSSIA CONVERGENCE?(10.08.2016)

Should the West Fear a Turkey-Russia Convergence?

In each installment of “CGI Asks,” a selection of experts respond to a question on the latest developments in Russia and Eurasia.In the run-up to the widely anticipated meeting between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan in St. Petersburg on August 9, we asked experts to consider the extent to which a possible Russian-Turkish convergence could affect Western interests in the region and beyond.Mehmet Fatih Öztarsu, Analyst and Reporter on the Caucasus/Central AsiaThe Turkey-Russia convergence can be viewed as a new chance for regional security, after current relations worsened over the Syrian issue. The region currently has significant p...


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