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BAKU-TBILISI-KARS RAILWAY LINKS ASIA AND EUROPE(20.11.2017)

Baku-Tbilisi-Kars Railway links Asia and Europe

The Baku-Tbilisi-Kars (BTK) Railway was opened Oct. 30 in a ceremony in Baku, the capital of Azerbaijan. The presidents of Azerbaijan and Turkey and the prime ministers of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Georgia, as well as delegates from Turkmenistan and Tajikistan, attended the ceremony. This inauguration was described as a historical event because of the importance of the project’s mission ? the BTK Railway is called the “Iron Silk Road” in the region. The BTK Railway was planned during the ending process of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline and the construction began in 2007. The 846 kilometers of the railway connects Azerbaijani, Georgian and Turkish ra...


WITH RUSSIA STRENGTHENING ITS ALLIANCE WITH ARMENIA(25.05.2017)

With Russia strengthening its alliance with Armenia

While the group of congressmen who form the Congressional Armenian Issues Caucus continue their unflinching, if not brazen, financial and military support to this South Caucasus nation, it serves as a military outpost for saber-rattling Russia — Armenia even brands itself as one of Russia's important military outposts.In an interview with Izvestia, a Russian daily, Sargsyan declared that Armenia is consistently building up its defense capability in the framework of military-technical cooperation with Russia. Also, he stressed the role of the 102nd Russian military base located in Armenian territory. And in November 2016, Armenia joined the anti-aircraft defens...


THE FOUNDATION OF THE AZERBAIJANI DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC(25.05.2017)

The Foundation of the Azerbaijani Democratic Republic

IntroductionMay 28, 1918 is a historical day for Azerbaijan as it was the day when Azerbaijan was declared   a Democratic Republic, first of the Muslim nations in the East. After the disunion of the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic , the Azerbaijani members of the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic declared that Azerbaijan was henceforth a Republic.  The major countries of the world had been informed about the official and legal foundation of the Azerbaijani Democratic Republic (ADR).It should be highlighted that the national movement which was formed during end of 19th and beginning of 20th century played a crucial role in the foundation of the ...


SHIFT OF TURKISH FOREIGN POLICY(26.09.2016)

Shift of Turkish Foreign Policy

The crisis period between Turkey and Russia finally ended. The two sides prepared a long-term normalization process to fulfill a regional partnership and to heal the economic wounds which appeared during the crisis period. A Russian Su-24 all-weather aircraft violated the border of Turkey by at least 2 km and was shot down by two Turkish F-16s on the Turkey-Syria border in November 2015.After several harsh speeches, Russian officials decided to implement sanctions in some specific areas. Several months later, the meeting of Turkish President Erdogan and Russian President Vladimir Putin on Aug. 9 can be accepted as a turning point for regional politics.After Turkey's successful "A...


SHOULD THE WEST FEAR A TURKEY-RUSSIA CONVERGENCE?(10.08.2016)

Should the West Fear a Turkey-Russia Convergence?

In each installment of “CGI Asks,” a selection of experts respond to a question on the latest developments in Russia and Eurasia.In the run-up to the widely anticipated meeting between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan in St. Petersburg on August 9, we asked experts to consider the extent to which a possible Russian-Turkish convergence could affect Western interests in the region and beyond.Mehmet Fatih Öztarsu, Analyst and Reporter on the Caucasus/Central AsiaThe Turkey-Russia convergence can be viewed as a new chance for regional security, after current relations worsened over the Syrian issue. The region currently has significant p...


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