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THE FOUNDATION OF THE AZERBAIJANI DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC(25.05.2017)

The Foundation of the Azerbaijani Democratic Republic

IntroductionMay 28, 1918 is a historical day for Azerbaijan as it was the day when Azerbaijan was declared   a Democratic Republic, first of the Muslim nations in the East. After the disunion of the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic , the Azerbaijani members of the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic declared that Azerbaijan was henceforth a Republic.  The major countries of the world had been informed about the official and legal foundation of the Azerbaijani Democratic Republic (ADR).It should be highlighted that the national movement which was formed during end of 19th and beginning of 20th century played a crucial role in the foundation of the ...


LOFTY AMBITIONS CONFRONT REALITY IN TURKISH STREAM PIPELINE(7.11.2016)

Lofty ambitions confront reality in Turkish Stream pipeline

Russia and Turkey signed an agreement to build a gas pipeline early this month, provoking worry that the Turkish Stream pipeline could render Ukraine obsolete as a gas conduit to Europe.Ankara appears to have ambitions to become a gas transit hub connecting Central Asia, the Black Sea region and the Middle East to Europe. Those ambitions, however, may be tempered by reality as experts cast doubt on the project amid fears that it could change the balance of power in Europe’s energy trade.Big ambitionsTurkey and Russia began negotiations in 2009, four years after the completion of the Blue Stream gas pipeline. As envisioned, Turkish Stream will consist of two separate p...


SHIFT OF TURKISH FOREIGN POLICY(26.09.2016)

Shift of Turkish Foreign Policy

The crisis period between Turkey and Russia finally ended. The two sides prepared a long-term normalization process to fulfill a regional partnership and to heal the economic wounds which appeared during the crisis period. A Russian Su-24 all-weather aircraft violated the border of Turkey by at least 2 km and was shot down by two Turkish F-16s on the Turkey-Syria border in November 2015.After several harsh speeches, Russian officials decided to implement sanctions in some specific areas. Several months later, the meeting of Turkish President Erdogan and Russian President Vladimir Putin on Aug. 9 can be accepted as a turning point for regional politics.After Turkey's successful "A...


TURKEY OPERATION EUPHRATES SHIELDL IN THE CASE OF NIXONIFIED US FOREIGN POLICY: RISKS AND THREATS(21.09.2016)

Turkey Operation Euphrates Shieldl in the Case of Nixonified US Foreign Policy: Risks and Threats

With the failed coup attempt in July, the future of US-Turkey relations once again came into question. Especially the US’ sidestepping of the extradition of the head terrorist Fethullah Gülen, regressed US-Turkey relations. Indeed, Turkey's Operation Euphrates Shield started at a late hour and while the US Vice President Joe Biden was enroute on a plane for his visit to Turkey. This work argues that Obama's foreign policy has similarities to that of Richard Nixon's, discussing the risks and threats Turkey may face in the context of her Operation Euphrates Shield under such circumstances. As Kirby emphasizes, in previous periods the Anglo-Prussian alliance...


SHOULD THE WEST FEAR A TURKEY-RUSSIA CONVERGENCE?(10.08.2016)

Should the West Fear a Turkey-Russia Convergence?

In each installment of “CGI Asks,” a selection of experts respond to a question on the latest developments in Russia and Eurasia.In the run-up to the widely anticipated meeting between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan in St. Petersburg on August 9, we asked experts to consider the extent to which a possible Russian-Turkish convergence could affect Western interests in the region and beyond.Mehmet Fatih Öztarsu, Analyst and Reporter on the Caucasus/Central AsiaThe Turkey-Russia convergence can be viewed as a new chance for regional security, after current relations worsened over the Syrian issue. The region currently has significant p...


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